October 21, 2017
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Scanning eagles
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2017: With India’s expanding maritime zone of interest covering the entire Indian Ocean and extending to South China Sea from the Malacca Strait, the Indian Navy needs round the clock surveillance and patrolling.
 
Restricted mobility
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2017: The recent Doklam standoff between India and China has taught a lesson that technology, quality manpower and topography should all be combined into a new model of mountain warfare. During the entire standoff phase, Indian troops were never visible to the Chinese despite later having the best technology. Therefore only technology can never meet the challenges of mountain warfare.
 
Protecting shores
JULY-AUGUST 2017: Given the huge seascape that surrounds peninsular India’s 7500 km coastline, the combined maritime assets of the Indian Navy, the Indian Coastguard, the Sagar Prahari Bal and inshore patrol boats with the State governments are woefully inadequate as is evident from the almost daily seizure of Indian fishing boats and fishermen by Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
 
Deep penetration
JULY-AUGUST 2017: The new challenge that India faces in tank warfare is deployment of these heavy platforms in the mountainous terrain north of the Himalayas on the Tibetan plateau. About a hundred T-72 main battle tanks have been deployed in the Uttar Pradesh segment of the Line of Actual Control to be able to gain experience of dealing with the peculiarities of high altitude rarefied atmosphere and the extreme cold simultaneously. India used six tanks to stop the Pakistani  advance into the Ladakh sector in 1948 but since then there was no coherent effort to establish a permanent presence for mechanized forces in the lunar landscape that lies on the Tibetan plateau.
 
Reframe rules
MAY-JUNE 2017: Startups in Defence are few in numbers and when the field is narrowed down to their specific participation in the aerospace industry, the numbers get fewer. On the one hand it has to be remembered that even after Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Startup India program in January 2016 with a slew of facilities to attract young entrepreneurs to give wings to their ideas and innovations, the time is too short for his proposal to germinate.
 
Directed beams
MAY-JUNE 2017: To score a kinetic point in the modern warfare, leading militaries around the world are going for laser technology driven weapons for hyper speed and quantum accuracy which can hit the target in any condition without fail.
 
Undersea scanning
MARCH-APRIL 2017: Anti submarine warfare is slowly taking the center stage of naval warfare as the world is getting dependent on sea for trade and commerce which makes it important to keep vital sea lanes of communications open even during the height of any tension or conflict.
 
Flying eagles
MARCH-APRIL 2017: Helicopters are seen as a vehicle of choice where infrastructure is poor. The vertical takeoff and landing capability overcomes the absence of lengthy airstrips where fixed wing aircraft rule the roost. Hitherto military requirements have been the propelling factor for the introduction of the helicopter as the primary means of firstly communications and inter-sector transportation and, increasingly as a weapons platform to take firepower where roads are difficult or non-existing or on the high seas in the anti-submarine role.
 
Still in dilemma
JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2017: The Indian Air Force has projected a requirement of an additional 200 aircraft to be able to put up a credible defence of Indian airspace in the event of a two-front war. However, there is an acknowledged acceptance that the Chinese can overwhelm Indian air defences by sheer force of numbers but the IAF is sanguine that it will not be a cakewalk.
 
Clear vision
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2016: The one instrument that revolutionized warfare is the night vision device. Offensive and defensive operations no longer depended on natural light which meant that warfare became a 24X7 business giving rise to the concept of surgical strikes, a phrase that has caught the imagination of the Indian public.