August 7, 2022
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Game changer
MARCH 2018: As the militaries all over the world are willing to take less risks, the use of exoskeleton is getting popular and may play a key role in future warfare.Exoskeletons may enable infantry war fighters break down doors and fight at close quarters, load and unload cargo from vehicles, maintain land vehicles and aircraft, dig trenches and other prepared fighting positions
Swift battlefield
MARCH 2018: Aerospace command and execution of new concept for operations are now at the heart of all warfare but the challenges are from over due to the need for better technology and higher management of conflict zones. The challenges of emerging threats, new technologies, and the velocity of information demand more than a mere evolution of current C2ISR paradigms.
Detecting intruders
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2017: Todays threat environment has placed increasing demands on border security agencies to protect the public, secure borders and appropriately respond to situations ranging from preventing unlawful incursions to providing humanitarian assistance. Throughout the world, border security agencies are deploying systems to enhance their ability to safely secure borders, conduct special operations, facilitate search and rescue missions, and interdict and prevent acts of terrorism, human trafficking and drug smuggling.
Comprehensive approach
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2017: Coastal security is still a major concern for India despite lot of measures being taken post 26/11. After the Mumbai attacks in 2008, there has been a paradigm shift in the maritime security apparatus that increased emphasis on surveillance, intelligence gathering and information sharing amongst the various stakeholders to ensure an effective response to any emerging situation.
Scanning eagles
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2017: With India’s expanding maritime zone of interest covering the entire Indian Ocean and extending to South China Sea from the Malacca Strait, the Indian Navy needs round the clock surveillance and patrolling.
Restricted mobility
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2017: The recent Doklam standoff between India and China has taught a lesson that technology, quality manpower and topography should all be combined into a new model of mountain warfare. During the entire standoff phase, Indian troops were never visible to the Chinese despite later having the best technology. Therefore only technology can never meet the challenges of mountain warfare.
Protecting shores
JULY-AUGUST 2017: Given the huge seascape that surrounds peninsular India’s 7500 km coastline, the combined maritime assets of the Indian Navy, the Indian Coastguard, the Sagar Prahari Bal and inshore patrol boats with the State governments are woefully inadequate as is evident from the almost daily seizure of Indian fishing boats and fishermen by Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
Deep penetration
JULY-AUGUST 2017: The new challenge that India faces in tank warfare is deployment of these heavy platforms in the mountainous terrain north of the Himalayas on the Tibetan plateau. About a hundred T-72 main battle tanks have been deployed in the Uttar Pradesh segment of the Line of Actual Control to be able to gain experience of dealing with the peculiarities of high altitude rarefied atmosphere and the extreme cold simultaneously. India used six tanks to stop the Pakistani  advance into the Ladakh sector in 1948 but since then there was no coherent effort to establish a permanent presence for mechanized forces in the lunar landscape that lies on the Tibetan plateau.
Reframe rules
MAY-JUNE 2017: Startups in Defence are few in numbers and when the field is narrowed down to their specific participation in the aerospace industry, the numbers get fewer. On the one hand it has to be remembered that even after Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Startup India program in January 2016 with a slew of facilities to attract young entrepreneurs to give wings to their ideas and innovations, the time is too short for his proposal to germinate.
Directed beams
MAY-JUNE 2017: To score a kinetic point in the modern warfare, leading militaries around the world are going for laser technology driven weapons for hyper speed and quantum accuracy which can hit the target in any condition without fail.
Undersea scanning
MARCH-APRIL 2017: Anti submarine warfare is slowly taking the center stage of naval warfare as the world is getting dependent on sea for trade and commerce which makes it important to keep vital sea lanes of communications open even during the height of any tension or conflict.
Flying eagles
MARCH-APRIL 2017: Helicopters are seen as a vehicle of choice where infrastructure is poor. The vertical takeoff and landing capability overcomes the absence of lengthy airstrips where fixed wing aircraft rule the roost. Hitherto military requirements have been the propelling factor for the introduction of the helicopter as the primary means of firstly communications and inter-sector transportation and, increasingly as a weapons platform to take firepower where roads are difficult or non-existing or on the high seas in the anti-submarine role.
Still in dilemma
JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2017: The Indian Air Force has projected a requirement of an additional 200 aircraft to be able to put up a credible defence of Indian airspace in the event of a two-front war. However, there is an acknowledged acceptance that the Chinese can overwhelm Indian air defences by sheer force of numbers but the IAF is sanguine that it will not be a cakewalk.
Clear vision
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2016: The one instrument that revolutionized warfare is the night vision device. Offensive and defensive operations no longer depended on natural light which meant that warfare became a 24X7 business giving rise to the concept of surgical strikes, a phrase that has caught the imagination of the Indian public.
Tough soldiers
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2016: Whatever else that is happening to the elite Special Forces of India one hears a lot about restructuring and reorganisation even as signs of modernisation are apparent in the acquisition of a specialist aircraft for the kinds of jobs they have to do.
Coordinated act
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2016: India has long had expertise in creating and using nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons. But it has voluntarily abjured the use of these weapons and has destroyed its biological and chemical weapons stockpiles and facilities in keeping with the Biological and Chemical Weapons Conventions. However, it has retained and deployed its nuclear weapons with the clear provisos that it would not be the first to use them and (what has hitherto proved to be utopian)
Flying support
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2016: India is in the process of replacing its military heavy lift capability to be able to manage, with some credibility, the emerging two-front war situation all along its Himalayan borders from Jammu and Kashmir in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.
Bridging the gap
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2016: It is a measure of how secure has been the Indian peninsula since the attack by Pakistani terrorists on Mumbai on 26 November 2008 that as recently as in June this year Home Minister Rajnath Singh chaired a meeting of stakeholders where it was decided that the current 46 coastal surveillance radars need to be augmented by an additional 38.
Robotic dive
JULY-AUGUST 2016: There is a clear distinction between deep submergence rescue vehicles (DSRV) and unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV) or remotely-operated vehicles. The former is deployed for rescue of submarines/submariners in disaster situations and the latter has a wider repertoire of applications in the military marine domain.
Secure links
JULY-AUGUST 2016: Network Centric Warfare (NCW) strategy, which in recent years, has emerged as a major force multiplier in the battlefield operations, draws advantage from the real time sharing of quality information for an enhanced situational awareness through a robust communications network ably supported by a constellation of satellites meant for a variety of end uses.
Force multipliers
MAY-JUNE 2016: With the responsibility of protecting and projecting power across more than 50 million square kilometers of ocean space within the Indian Ocean littoral the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard Organization will have to improve their presence by the more easily and quickly achievable method of increasing the numbers of its fleet replenishment vessels of which there are only four.
High accuracy
MAY-JUNE 2016: In a major boost to the Indian defence forces quest for an uninterrupted access to the satellite navigation capability to realize their strategic objectives speedily and efficiently, the sixth satellite in the seven spacecraft Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) constellation that would serve as an independent, full fledged space navigation platform, was successfully launched in March.
Controlled spy
MAY-JUNE 2016: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are an exciting field in the world of aviation, with new R&D and system discoveries. Over the next decade, UAVs will become a significant component of military and civil aviation. With increasing intrusions from Pakistan and China, India is planning to deploy more UAVs along border to maintain round the clock surveillance.
Waiting to ease
MARCH-APRIL 2016: India is seeking to create a credible military industrial complex which can meet technological needs of its armed forces but the road to achieve such a monumental goal is not easy in a complex country like India where politicians and bureaucrats need to be re-educated.
Incomplete run
MARCH-APRIL 2016: Indian Air Force is not only bedevilled with its fighter strength, even the easily available cheap Basic Trainer Aircraft are facing supply issues. Whether to depend exclusively on the already inducted Swiss Pilatus and order the entire requirement of 181 for the rookie pilots of the
Combat on wheels
MARCH-APRIL 2016: The infantry fighting vehicles are getting popular among the leading militaries in recent time due to their high mobility and high survivability in the war zone, although it can only come close to the fire power of a tank, if not establishing superiority of a tank.
Spectrum of conflict
MARCH-APRIL 2016: The large number of deaths of Indian soldiers in counter-terror/counter-insurgency operations speaks volumes about the so-called modernization of the Indian soldier. For many years the F-INSAS or Future Indian Soldier As A System program was peddled by the Indian Army as some kind of wonder fighting machine loaded with sensors
Flying scanners
MARCH-APRIL 2016: The attack on Pathankot airbase underscores the necessity of aerial surveillance of vital points and vital areas not just in segments close to the borders with Pakistan but also along the entire Indian periphery be it vis-à-vis Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka given that those entrusted with the job of protecting our frontiers have been found to be sleeping on the job.
Reduced role
JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2016: The evolution of multidimensional new age battlefield has rendered the modern MBTs insignificant and vulnerable to attack from air and hence the future battlefield will have an entirely different scenario.
Piercing armor
JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2016: With the advent of new technologies, there is a portfolio enhancement for next generation anti tank guided missiles which are most sought after weapon for battlefield commanders when they need to stop the advancement of enemy armored columns from the front.
Setting a vision
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2015: As widely speculated the Narendra Modi visit to United Kingdom did not result in new contracts for Hawk trainers but the two sides signed a comprehensive defence and international security partnership which will tie the two nations in close security framework.
Constant tracking
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2015: For more than a decade now, the passionately deliberated proposal for the creation of a tri service Indian aerospace command, has been in the limelight with the eight decades plus old Indian Air Force (IAF) stridently articulating the need for such a formidable military structure fully well supported by a string satellites meant for a variety of end uses. But unfortunately the ruling dispensation in New Delhi seems to be totally indifferent and insensitive to the long pending issue of giving green signal for the realization of the aerospace command.
Smooth rescue
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2015: Submarine force is the most vital component of any military and it is the ultimate deterrence against the enemy but if the navy loses its platform and human resources in the midst of a war then it can be a big disaster to overcome.
Bright hope
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2015: For long, the growth and expansion of Indian aerospace sector had remained severely handicapped by the virtual monopoly that the state owned Indian aeronautical major, Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL), exercised over the aerospace sector  of the country with the private sector entities playing a peripheral role in the entire exercise as  small time suppliers of components and services.
Coordinated approach
NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2015: The rationale for an Aerospace Command was succinctly articulated by the doyen of strategic thinkers in military uniform, a Vir Chakra recipient, the late Air Commodore Jasjit Singh. He had written in his call for military synergy: A century of air power has progressively shifted the equation where the air forces have provided the central capability in the use of force for political purpose. Advances in technology have made it capable of air dominance both in air-to-air as well as air-to-surface operations at even beyond visual ranges.
Guiding monsters
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2015:  Air superiority is an essential military mission, and will continue to be so for the foreseeable future. Air superiority has been an enduring prerequisite to military victory during conflicts in the twenty-first century.  Although control of the air does not itself destroy or defeat the majority of enemy forces, it provides the freedom of action and strategic flexibility that allow other military forces to do so. Air superiority is central to a full range of military capabilities, including power projection of sea and land forces, close air support, interdiction, and freedom of maneuver for ground forces.
Indigenous effort
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2015: In a major thrust upwards for the Indian space program, the three stage, heavy weight mark two version of the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-MKII) equipped with an Indian made upper cryogenic engine stage scripted a vibrant success story by delivering 2117-kg GSAT-6 communications satellite into its intended orbit with a high degree of accuracy.
Smart vigilance
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2015: In this day and age there can be no argument against the presence of the unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) and the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in the battlefield. They are fast becoming standard equipment in the order of battle (Orbat) of nearly every modern army. Although fears that they  could be lost in the battle are as likely to come true as in the case of manned aircraft the plus remains that no pilot (on whom as much is invested as in the purchase of an aircraft) is lost.
Adding punch
SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2015: As India is already being described as regional power with strategic interests beyond its shores and having ambitious plans to upgrade its expeditionary capabilities, the Indian government has decided to equip the IAF with latest and most capable airlift capabilities. After the arrival of ten C-17 Globemaster aircraft, the government has cleared four more, while the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) of the Ministry of Defence has accepted the IAF proposal to import 16 Chinook heavy airlift helicopters.
Aerial scanners
JULY-AUGUST 2015: India is set to upgrade its indigenous airborne early warning and control systems (AEW&C) aircraft to the larger airborne warning and command system (AWACS) based on a western platform. Hitherto it has used the Russian Ilyushin-76 to fit an Israeli Phalcon radar and the smaller Brazilian Embraer-145 on which it attached an airborne radar system designed and developed in Indian laboratories.
Digital soldiers
JULY-AUGUST 2015: The modern militaries are getting trained to fight a conventional war which has highlighted the need to develop skills necessary to effectively conduct operations in any state-on-state conflict, characterized with force-on-force engagement.
Visible loopholes
JULY-AUGUST 2015: The effectiveness of the coastal radar network and security of peninsular India was demonstrated at its worst during the recent crash of the Coast Guard Dornier aircraft. It took 33 days and nearly a dozen institutions that have anything to do with the sea to cooperate and find the wreckage of the Dornier, some human remains and a watch that could finally confirm the death of its owner.
Critical asset
JULY-AUGUST 2015: To keep an eye on the enemy activities deep inside the opponent’s territory, military commanders are increasingly relying on high speed data transfer which can be beamed from a powerful AWACS at a critical situation.
Digital eyes
MAY-JUNE 2015: The cancellation of the contract for the 126 French Rafale medium multirole combat aircraft has drawn attention to the future of a very significantly important battlefield tool-head mounted display-that helps ensure a first shot kill from within a fighting platform.
Beating darkness
MAY-JUNE 2015: Battlefield transparency under all types of conditions will hold the key to success of a military operation in the 21st Century. Militaries will need critical technologies and weapons which can provide the ability to overpower the adversary when he is most prone, and that is night. The Night Vision Devices (NVDs) have proved to be force multipliers during the Iraq and Afghanistan operations. NVDs greatly aid the infantry
Force multiplier
MAY-JUNE 2015: The Indian Army is currently caught in a dilemma of being able to acquire third generation night vision devices in sufficient numbers to equip the fighting man (and machines) at the cutting edge of the battlefield. Given that battles no longer wait for the first light of dawn, fourth generation warfare-the use of guerrilla fighters in absolutely
Rapid development
MAY-JUNE 2015: In the 21st century the Second Artillery’s nuclear deterrence force is facing new challenges. The United States and its allies in the region are paying increasing attention to put in place ballistic missile defence and long range precision strike capability. These developments might in the future upset the deterrence balance between the two countries.
Virtual reality
MAY-JUNE 2015: A pilot flying a combat mission requires a high level of situational awareness to maintain safe altitude and airspeed, while avoiding obstructions, evading enemy weapons and, at the same time, executing the mission. To achieve the mission success in such a scenario the pilot may not risk the situational awareness while looking at flight critical instruments in the cockpit very frequently. Therefore to keep the pilots attention intact, militaries around the globe utilize the advanced helmet mounted display (HMD) technology.
Swift interception
MAR-APRIL 2015: Given that missiles have now become capable of being launched in beyond-visual-range or stand-off mode it is imperative that nations seek to defend themselves by detecting these missiles through the use of over-the-horizon long-range radars and intercepting them well away from the intended target.
Vital connection
MAR-APRIL 2015: The nature of warfare has changed over time. However, certain aspects of battle have remained constant for centuries. Namely, the need to maintain effective command and control of troops, as well as the ability to communicate securely.
Delayed boost
MAR-APR 2015: Indian Navy's declining submarine strength, which has been reduced to 13 in addition to one nuclear powered submarine leased from Russia called INS Chakra, has received a much delayed boost after the Indian Cabinet Committee on Security approval in mid February to build six more nuclear powered submarines in India.
Dynamic growth
JAN-FEB 2015: In the context of the changed political landscape in New Delhi, there is a hope and optimism that the hitherto slow moving Indian aerospace sector could script a “success story” by replacing IT sector and software services industry as the sunrise area of the Indian economy in none too distant a future.
Lucrative market
JAN FEB 2015: As India’s geopolitical interests are expanding in Asia and Africa, the NDA government headed by Prime Minister is giving emphasis to faster modernization of Indian Armed Forces and indigenous development of defence technology.
Bright prospects
JAN-FEB 2015: The world’s leading defence aerospace manufacturers are delighted over the prospects of Indian armed forces acquiring weapon systems and platforms over US$ 100 billion in next decade. Indian defence and aerospace sector
Deadly missions
JAN-FEB 2015: The quest to explore the unknown has remained an integral part of the human spirit down the centuries. In fact, the space age heralded by the launch of Soviet Sputnik in 1957 stands out as a sterling tribute to the human vision to look beyond the spaceship earth to sustain human presence in the final frontiers.
Airborne warriors
DECEMBER 2014: Air superiority is an essential military mission, and will continue to be so for the foreseeable future. Control of the air is not an end of its own, but rather it provides the flexibility and freedom of action central to a full range of military capabilities.
Defending targets
DECEMBER 2014: A credible early military success will depend largely as how effectively enemy integrated air defence systems can be neutralized and fighter jets carry out suppression of enemy air defence mission for containing any repulsive attack.
Information dominance
NOVEMBER 2014: The ancient art of warfare has now evolved into a sophisticated battlefield strategy based on the large scale use of fighting platforms and combat equipment stuffed with advanced electronic systems and devices capable of seeing and sensing devices
Capacity building
NOVEMBER 2014: Given the increasing frequency of Chinese intrusions along the Line of Actual Control and Pakistan’s attempts at infiltration of terrorists along the Line of Control, India will have to review both its mobile and static defences across both frontiers.
Long wait
OCTOBER 2014: After a decade long deliberations on the need to set up an aerospace command, the onus is now on the so called security conscious and fast track decision maker government to decide on this urgent national security requirement.
Exploding device
OCTOBER 2014: India has paid a heavy price in human lives both on its borders as well as in the internal security situation to mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) deployed by the Pakistan army on the borders and the Line of Control and by its agents in various crowded localities all over the country.
Unending delay
SEPTEMBER 2014: The Indian artillery modernization program has now become a subject of laughing stock in strategic circles. Observers often joke that the program seems to have been jinxed ever since the Prime Minister of Sweden Olaf Palme was killed, though may not be directly related to the Bofors bribery scandal
Hazards in sea
SEPTEMBER 2014: The history of submarine operation is mixed with tragedy and success but modern navies are going for high quality deep sea rescue technologies to save their fellow sailors who dedicatedly maintain undersea strike capability for their country.
Quick response
AUGUST 2014: With the acquisition of ten Globemasters, the world’s heaviest transport aircraft and Super Hercules over last few years, the IAF has already taken major steps to boost its heavy transport aircraft fleet and the country is poised towards a significant strategic airlift capability, the need for which arises very often.
Air bridges
AUGUST 2014: Military transport aircraft are vital workhorses for modern armies but everything about the acquisition of the Boeing C-17 Globemaster heavy transport aircraft by India through the US Foreign Military Supplies route was tinged with hurry.
Tricky molecules
AUGUST 2014: As with many other materials and technologies that developed nations have produced since the beginning of the industrial revolution nanotechnology and biotechnology lend themselves to the concept of dual use, a phrase used differently from the current set of technologies that can be used both for civil and military purposes.
Visual deception
JULY 2014: Camouflage is a mind game that makes you believe that you are not seeing something that is there before your eyes. The modern-day stealth technology is an exercise in visual deception that has evolved considerably since the first hunter found a way to get close enough to his prey to hurl his spear to be able to ensure that he
Lethal assault
JULY 2014: The efficacy of an attack helicopter or a helicopter gunship is best understood in pugilistic terminology. Where it enjoys the advantage of reach (the range of its onboard weaponry be it the gun or missiles/rockets) it is king but where the enemy has the greater reach the helicopter can become a coffin.
Touching button
JUNE 2014: The Network Centric Warfare is assuming a new dimension to manage the 21st century battle space if a modern war has to be won under a strenuous condition, as fast imposing the will on the enemy is proving to be the key element in clinching the victory.
Quick interception
JUNE 2014: The scramble for the acquisition of the very short range air defence (VSHORAD) system began when it became known that Pakistan has developed the Nasr tactical nuclear missile. The four-barreled missile system is intended to pulverize mechanized infantry and armor as it is threatened by India’s ‘Cold Start’ doctrine.
Guarding interests
JUNE 2014: The Indian Navy’s Sukanya and Saryu class of offshore patrol vessels give India a trans-oceanic capability of sea control, sea denial and protection of vital sea lanes of communications. With the recent acquisition of the Italian built replenishment ships capable of transferring large amounts of food, water, fuel and ammunition, the Indian Navy can maintain a presence in either the Pacific Ocean or the Atlantic Ocean for considerable period of time.
Strategic deployment
JUNE 2014: As for the strategist the question would be: Can India hit China where it hurts? The answer to that would be a confident Yes. With a range of more than 5,000 km, India has the measure of most of China with its intermediate range ballistic missile the Agni-V and does not, per se, need an inter-continental ballistic missile to ensure deterrence vis-a-vis the Chinese.
Decisive edge
MAY 2014: Establishing air supremacy is the primary mission of any air force hence the air to air combat is often dubbed as the cat and mouse game in the skies.
Coordinated action
MAY 2014: Though armed forces all over the world are taking necessary steps to modernize and be ready to take on any challenge from rival State, the non State actors are expected to pose biggest threat, either from land, air or sea to State security.
Catapulting move
MAY 2014: Indians ought not to be sanguine about the state of security in the Indian Ocean littoral when it has two (Viraat and Vikramaditya) or three (the indigenously designed Vikrant) aircraft carrier among the Indian Navy’s fighting platforms.
Vast scan
APRIL 2014: The disappearance of the Malaysian Airlines flight MH370 in the Indian Ocean ought to worry India more than it appears to. After all, the plane flew over or close to Indian air space over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands after which it could only have gone down into the sea since it is assumed that it has not landed anywhere.
Integrated response
APRIL 2014: Indian armed forces have validated its network centric warfare capabilities early last March with full spectrum use of its first ever dedicated military satellite G-SAT7 which coordinated seamlessly with all the 60 warships and 75 aircrafts from Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
Big thrust
APRIL 2014: India, which began its space journey in a modest manner way back in November 1963 with the launch of a 9-kg sounding rocket from a launch facility in the fishing hamlet of Thumba on the outskirts of Thiruvananathapuram in Kerala, has now attained the capability to hoist a 2-tonne class satellite payload into the geostationary transfer orbit.
Faultless strike
APRIL 2014: In 1999 during the Kargil war India felt very acutely the need for air-delivered precision guided munitions. Freefall bombs, as the name implies would fall all over the craggy mountain except where the Pakistan Army’s Northern Light Infantry men were ensconced in their sanghars-stone embankments.
Desperate attempt
MARCH 2014: The ‘Indo-Pacific’ region has become a geopolitical reality as the risks, opportunities, disputes and strategies concerning relevant nations have infused the broad region into a single strategic unit.
Trust deficit
MARCH 2014: China is looking for new ways to impress India as it feels threatened by the growing proximity of India with Japan, South Korea and United States. China wants to handle the border issue with India at a separate level and trade relations at different level.
Integrated network
MARCH 2014: It would be more appropriate while mouthing ‘jointmanship’ to describe the project for connectivity between the three Services-Army, Navy and the Indian Air Force-as being one for the
Failed ambitions
MARCH 2014: An experience in the recent Defexpo 2014 underlines the convoluted manner in which the induction of the private sector into the "defence industry" network is being handled.
Controlled sanction
MARCH 2014: Poor state of the financial affairs of the country has ensured that the defence budget will not be a game changer in the coming financial year. The Indian armed forces are already feeling handicapped because of inordinate delay in
Protecting sea-lanes
FEBRUARY 2014: Maritime surveillance through aerial, surface and sub-sea platforms have become vital tools for safeguarding nation’s maritime boundaries
Detecting threats
FEBRUARY 2014: Almost 15,000 kms long border spanning six countries require constant monitoring but in terms of prioritizing the border areas for more effective surveillance, the Indian Army needs to focus more on the borders with China and Pakistan
Constant vigil
FEBRUARY 2014: There is now no question whether more manpower or better technology is required for the defence of the Line of Actual Control. Both are absolutely essential. There is a reason for it. For many years the successive Governments of I
Spies in the sky
FEBRUARY 2014: When the August-launched GSAT-7 satellite became operational in mid-September last year the Indian Navy became better able to keep under surveillance its area of concern which spans three huge water bodies-the Indian Ocean
Slow pace
JANUARY 2014: The Indian Army Armored Corps comprises 63 regiments and has massive modernization and upgradation program to match the rival 
Close support
JANUARY 2014: Airborne refuellers are generally accepted to be force multipliers in that they push the limits of endurance of both man and machine far beyond the normal envelope of performance. They help a military force to use existing assets to the maximum, making for cost-effectiveness in the context of the whole campaign.
Sensitive handling
JANUARY 2014: Defence Minister A K Antony's advice to the armed forces “not to fritter away national assets” came after a series of accidents and mishaps, the most recent being the destruction of the newly renovated INS Sindhurakshak which exploded while berthed in Mumbai harbor.
Assisted vigilance
JANUARY 2014: Anti-submarine warfare is a multi-layered activity. There is the submarine-submarine killer (SSK) level where one predator is in constant search for similar predators below the surface of the oceans.
Strong deterrent
DECEMBER 2013: By early next year India will have nuclear submarines armed with nuclear missiles thereby creating a minimum nuclear deterrent, as per national policy.
Ocean domination
DECEMBER 2013: The saga of much delayed and talked about controversial project of Indian Navy is going to be over now. Indian Navy is now in possession of a gigantic warship to boast of. 
Traditional partners
NOVEMBER 2013: During the 21st October 14th  annual summit in Moscow, President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh spoke of the historical bonhomie in bilateral defence cooperation and talked about the significance of  this  in the privileged strategic partnership.
Keeping pace
NOVEMBER 2013: To be able to foreclose a war in quick time as it did against Pakistan in 1971, India is preparing to refurbish one means of achieving “combat mobility”-the essence of swift decimation of the enemy and an implacable momentum-on the battlefield.
Vulnerable network
OCTOBER 2013: A bank in the capital city of India is unable to transact business because of a glitch in the computer network. It takes several hours, sometimes the whole working day before the link is restored. This happens routinely almost every week.
Accurate hit
OCTOBER 2013: Beyond Visual Range has become the new mantra where the “dogfight” was once the reigning doctrine in air warfare. It is an evolution dictated by the advent of the potent Airborne Warning and Command Systems (AWACS)
Floating explosives
OCTOBER 2013: India has a shoreline that extends 7500 km with large ports and harbors on both sides of the peninsula and strategically placed offshore island territories amenable to being attacked with sea mines to disrupt ocean-going traffic and commerce for long periods. The Indian Navy has a paltry number of just seven mine
Cautious expansion
OCTOBER 2013: While operational plans of the Indian Navy suffered a major setback with two accidents, one in the boiler room of the INS Vikramaditya (Gorshkov) aircraft carrier being acquired from Russia during sea trials in the Black Sea and the horrendous fire in the INS Sindhurakshak submarine while tethered in Mumbai harbor,
Deadly agents
OCTOBER 2013: With India surrounded by rogue elements supported by State forces, the threats emanating from the use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons are real and as a deterrent to nuclear weapon countries, India has amassed an arsenal of nuclear weapons.
Trainer coffins
OCTOBER 2013: Around late July the Ministry of Defence (MoD) was a mute spectator to the public spat over the acquisition of Basic Trainer Aircraft (BTA) Pilatus plane from Switzerland between the IAF headquarters and the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
Major setback
SEPTEMBER 2013: At a time when the Indian Navy was celebrating the launch of India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant and the activation of the reactor of the indigenous nuclear powered submarine INS Arihant, the explosion and the devastating fire incident on India’s frontline attack submarine INS Sindhurakshak came as a big blow to the morale of Indian naval and strategic community.
Floating base
SEPTEMBER 2013: International strategic community especially the Chinese have taken note of the launch of India’s indigenous aircraft carrier, the kind of ambitious project on which the Chinese have not yet been independently able to embark upon.
High ambitions
SEPTEMBER 2013: Though India's first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier is still suffering the birth pangs almost five years before delivery Indian naval planners and warship designers have started dreaming of a nuclear powered aircraft carrier.
Long wait
AUGUST 2013: A rapid deceleration in obsolescence in the Indian Army artillery arsenal appears to be possible by the simultaneous creation of two indigenous 155mm howitzers one in the Ordnance Factory, Jabalpur (MP), and the other in Tata’s stable of emerging defence-related equipment laboratories.
Ray of hope
AUGUST 2013: The artillery modernization program is moving at a snail’s pace even after 25 years. Though in the last one decade, other artillery equipment like the Pinaka Rocket System, Smerch Rocket System and the Brahmos Missile System have been inducted, the 155 mm Howitzers have been the most affected.
Coastal vigil
AUGUST 2013: To be able to gauge the number of offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) and frigates, India will require in the second quarter of the 21st century -2025 to 2050- an appreciation of the relative roles of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard. This will have to be made on the basis of a blue-water and brown-water categorization
Encroaching mission
AUGUST 2013: Indians can be forgiven for wondering what were Indian border guards doing while the Chinese intruders were dismantling and destroying the camera that were set up by the Indians to keep an eye on Chinese intrusions in the Depsang valley segment of the Daulat Beg Oldi area of Jammu and Kashmir.
Lacking expertise
AUGUST 2013: India appeared to be set to become self-reliant in a major land warfare weapons platform-the infantry combat vehicle-going by the concerted efforts of both the public sector Defence Public Sector Undertaking and several private sector engineering firms to win the contract for 2600 Future Infantry Combat Vehicle.
Digitized war
JULY 2013: With practically the whole world going network centric, warfare in the modern world has become digitized to such an extent that one tends to become a slave to a system that, in the event of a nuclear exchange could take us back to the did-did-dah-did (the first letter of the alphabet as transmitted as dot, dot, dash, dot) of the age of the Morse code.
Tailless bombers
JUNE 2013: The recent experience with China along the Line of Actual Control in the Ladakh sector has brought to the fore the need for unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAV) that will put an end to the perennial crib about the absence of adequate infrastructure in the high Himalayas.
Slow progress
JUNE 2013: The Indian Navy is moving to buy foreign utility helicopters to replace the French Aerospatiale Allouette helicopters Cheetah and Chetak (Allouette 3) that have been the mainstay of rotary wing platforms of all the three Armed Forces over the past four decades (they took part in the Bangladesh war of 1971).
Sea birds
JUNE 2013: The supersonic MiG-29K joined the Indian Navy on the day when the Indian Naval Aviation  was celebrating the diamond jubilee of its establishment on   11th May, 1953.  Six decades later, the Indian Navy has emerged as a dominant force in the Indian Ocean and with the joining of the Mig-29K as the front line maritime
Real sentinels
JUNE 2013: Military dogs are more protective towards their territory than the military itself. It is all over the history as how military dogs performed in the battlefield. It started with legendary Mongol warlord Zhengis Khan who deployed more than 30,000 Tibetan dogs in his quest to conquer Europe. Indeed, US military may not have survived
Putting pressure
JUNE 2013: Though India and China have signed two landmark agreements on the maintenance of peace and tranquility on the border, the two armies have indulged in extensive competitive deployment, violating the letter and spirit of the two agreements signed in 1993 and 1996. The credit must be given to these agreements for the absence
Locating positions
JUNE 2013: Though Bharat Electronics Ltd in association with DRDO has produced an indigenous Weapons Locating Radar, the Indian Army wants to float a global tender for further acquisition of 29 more WLRs and BEL has been advised to participate in the RFP.
Keeping watch
JUNE 2013: Indian Navy has achieved the distinction of becoming the first maritime force to induct the Boeing made P-8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft after the US Navy. In 2009, the US administration concluded the negotiations with India for final
Coastal vigil
JUNE 2013: The best yardstick, by any standard, to gauge the efficacy of the Indian maritime security infrastructure on which attention was concentrated after the terrorist attack on Mumbai on 2008, would be the factum that nearly all but two of the