December 13, 2017
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Comprehensive approach
Challenges to coastal security

Coastal security is still a major concern for India despite lot of measures being taken post 26/11.

After the Mumbai attacks in 2008, there has been a paradigm shift in the maritime security apparatus that increased emphasis on surveillance, intelligence gathering and information sharing amongst the various stakeholders to ensure an effective response to any emerging situation.

India has a vast coastline of 7,516 km touching 13 states and Union Territories (UTs). It also has around 1,197 islands. The ‘geostrategic position of India’ and the ‘strategic relevance of Indian Ocean’ make it more vulnerable. The physical proximity of India’s coasts to Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Gulf countries further adds to this. India has been facing cross-border terrorism for decades. However, over the years, with the increased deployment of security forces and surveillance equipment as well as the construction of fences, security along the land borders has been sufficiently tightened. On the other hand, security over the ocean domain with the
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